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Information Event: Chronic Venous Insufficiency

The Cyprus Society of General Medicine and the Cyprus Society of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, in collaboration with the Papaellinas Group, the local representative of the pharmaceutical group Servier in Cyprus, organised a public awareness campaign on Chronic Venous Insufficiency.

The event was held in the indoor area of the Nicosia Mall where the public had the opportunity to learn about the disease and its symptoms from Dr Panagitsa Christoforou (Vascular Surgeon) and Dr Anastasios Bagourdis (General Practitioner), who were on hand to answer their questions.

About Chronic Venous Insufficiency

What is Chronic Venous Insufficiency? Chronic Venous Disease is a pathological condition, which includes a wide range of manifestations from spider and varicose veins to skin alterations and ulcers (open sores). The manifestations of Chronic Venous Insufficiency are associated with insufficient blood flow from the lower extremities back up to the heart, causing blood to pool in the lower extremities’ veins. This is an exceedingly common condition in Western societies, affecting approximately 60% of women and 40% of men.

What are the causes of Chronic Venous Insufficiency? As this is a disease that was identified several decades ago, we now know that family history is a very important risk factor. Prolonged standing, obesity, and pregnancy in women are also risk factors for the development of Chronic Venous Insufficiency.

What are the symptoms of Chronic Venous Insufficiency? The type and intensity of symptoms depend mainly on the severity of the condition.

In the early stages (varicose veins), patients may not experience any symptoms. However, as the condition progresses, discomfort may become more pronounced, including heaviness, fatigue, cramping, pain or swelling in the legs. These symptoms may have a significant impact on daily life.

It is worth emphasised that this is a progressive disease in the sense that it worsens over time and the symptoms become more severe, affecting the patient’s quality of life. Treatment of the disease should be started at an early stage and continued on a chronic basis in order to limit the severe impact on the patient’s quality of life and to prevent any consequential complications that could further deteriorate the patient’s condition in the future.

How is chronic venous disease treated?

Chronic venous disease is diagnosed through a physical exam and ultrasound imaging (lower extremity venous triplex). An appropriate treatment is chosen for each stage of the disease: from non-pharmacological treatment to medication and surgery to remove the affected veins.